Statistics

Status and Trends

IUCN Status

1970’s – 1980’s: Vulnerable
1994: Endangered
1996 – 2003: Endangered
2004: Endangered (Population Trend: Decreasing)
More detailed information, references and sources

Population Estimates and Locations

Dist map to go here
Source: Animal Info – Endangered Animals website

Combined World Population Estimates

Note: Figures given are for wild populations only
Late 1970’s: Less than 7000
1980: Probably fewer than 7000
1984: Probably does not exceed 10,000
1990: Perhaps 2000
1991: Probably no more than 5000
1997: 3000 – 5500
1999: 3000 – 6000
2001: Perhaps as few as 3000
2004: 3000 – 5500
Source: Animal Info – Endangered Animals website

Mortality and Survival

Natural causes (39%)

  • Lion predation – 12%
  • hyena predation – 4%
  • other predation – 5%
  • other wild dogs – 5%
  • disease – 8%
  • accident – 6%

Human causes (61%)

  • Road kill – 24%
  • snared – 10%
  • shot – 15%
  • poisoned – 12%
  • other – 1%

Causes of pup mortality

Natural causes (80%)

  • Lion predation – 31%
  • hyena predation – 6%
  • other wild dogs – 34%
  • disease – 8%

Human causes (20%)

  • Road kill – 12%
  • snared – 8 %

Source: Animal Info – Endangered Animals website